Frequently Asked Questions about Cemeteries
New York Cemeteries that are incorporated under New York's Not-for-Profit Corporation Law (N-PCL) are regulated by the state. The state of New York has no jurisdiction over religious, municipal, private (or family) and national cemeteries.
The New York State Cemetery Board oversees Division of Cemeteries operations and administers the New York State Cemetery Law. The Cemetery Law sets standards for the establishment, maintenance and preservation of burial grounds in this state. The Board is made up of the Secretary of State, as chair, the Attorney General and the Commissioner of Health.
Department of State
Division of Cemeteries
41 State Street
Albany, NY 12231-0001
123 William Street
New York, NY 10038-3804
1. What are my rights as a lot owner?
2. Can I choose how my remains will be cared for?
3. Can a cemetery refuse burial?
4. Is there any time limit for filling a grave after burial?
5. Can I be buried on private property?
6. Is a concrete vault or grave liner required for burial?
7. Is there any state requirement on the depth a grave?
8. What are service charges and how are they regulated in cemeteries?
9. Are there rules on who inherits unused graves or family plots?
10. As a lot owner, do I actually own cemetery property?
11. What is perpetual care?
12. Can I sell my cemetery lot?
Question #1 What are my rights as a lot owner?
Answer: When you purchase a lot or crypt, you should receive a deed, contract or receipt showing your lot ownership, along with a copy of the cemetery's rules and regulations. Lot or crypt owners are members of a cemetery corporation and are entitled to a vote at lot owner meetings. Cemeteries are required to hold a lot owner meeting at least once a year. Among other things, the cemetery's board of directors is elected by the lot owners. Contact the cemetery office for the date and time of the next lot owner meeting.
Question #2 Can I choose how my remains will be cared for?
Answer: Yes, you have a choice of how your remains will be cared for, including burial, cremation and entombment. We recommend that you prepare written instructions explaining your wishes.
Question #3 Can a cemetery refuse burial?
Answer: Yes, but only under three conditions - all involving nonpayment. They are: 1) nonpayment of the total purchase price of the grave or lot; 2) nonpayment of the burial (interment) charges; or 3) nonpayment of an authorized lot tax.
Question #4 Is there any time limit for filling a grave after burial?
Answer: While there is no legal requirement on the specific period for backfilling a grave, the Cemetery Board does require that it be completed within a reasonable time.
Question #5 Can I be buried on private property?
Answer: While some communities may have local regulations on this matter, there are no state rules concerning burial on private property. However, the State Sanitary Code (10 NYCRR, Parts 100-158) does define the distances required between cemeteries and water sources (which vary from district to district). If you wish to make burial arrangements on private property you should check with your local government officials.
Question #6 Is a concrete vault or grave liner required for burial?
Answer: One purpose of the concrete vault or grave liner is to deter the collapse of the grave and to protect the casket. As of January 1, 1985, an incorporated cemetery may require the use of a concrete burial vault on all lots purchased after that date. Written information on this requirement must be provided to potential lot owners prior to purchase. In the event that this requirement conflicts with one's religious beliefs, it will be waived.
Question #7 Is there any state requirement on the depth a grave?
Answer: There is no state requirement specifying the depth of a grave, although there may be local regulations that apply. For example, the City of New York's Department of Health requires that, when human remains are buried in the ground without a concrete vault, the top of the coffin or casket must be at least three feet below the level of the ground (two feet in the case of a vaulted burial).
Question #8 What are service charges and how are they regulated in cemeteries?
Answer: Service charges are fees charged by cemeteries for performing any service after the purchase of the grave or lot. The Cemetery Board must approve any service charge increases proposed by regulated cemeteries, and the approved charges can be found in cemetery offices.
Question #9 Are there rules on who inherits unused graves or family plots?
Answer: Burial rights obtained through inheritance should be recorded with the cemetery. Section 1512(b) of the N-PCL regarding ownership of lots states that unless specifically assigned by will (including reference to the specific lot number, section number, cemetery name), a cemetery lot is inherited by the descendants of the lot owner.
Question #10 As a lot owner, do I actually own cemetery property?
Answer: Cemetery property is owned by the cemetery corporation. The real property is not sold. The lot "owner" receives three privileges: the right of burial, the right to memorialize (i.e., to place a marker or headstone) and the right to vote at lot owner meetings.
Question #11 What is perpetual care?
Answer: Some cemeteries have an approved, voluntary perpetual care charge. Other cemeteries may accept perpetual care gifts or bequests. A perpetual care endowment cannot be spent-, only the income can be used, and only for the endowed lot. The term "perpetual" can be a misnomer. If a perpetual care endowment does not yield enough income to provide adequate care, a cemetery may request an addition to the endowment. This is strictly voluntary on the part of the endowment holder; a cemetery cannot refuse burial for nonpayment of perpetual care.
Question #12 Can I sell my cemetery lot?
Answer: f there are any burials (bodies or cremated remains) in the lot, it cannot be sold. If there are no burials, you must first offer the lot back to the cemetery at the original purchase price plus four percent simple interest per year. If the cemetery is not willing to pay that price they will give you a letter of refusal so you will be free to find a buyer. Then contact the Division of Cemeteries for an application in which you will list the name and address of the purchaser. Upon approval, the Division will send you a letter of approval that you must present to the cemetery so a new deed can be prepared.